The Housing Chronicles Blog: 8/1/16 - 9/1/16

Wednesday, August 24, 2016

Economic Update: Overall Improvement since the First Quarter of 2016

In its July monthly meeting, the Federal Reserve Open Market Committee – which decides on interest rate policy – left the door open to whether or not we’ll see another rate hike in 2016. The good news is that the expected impacts from Brexit have been largely subdued.  In addition, the economy seems to be on a more normal path, with both June and July showing monthly job growth of 255,000 to 287,000, and an official unemployment rate of 4.9 percent.

GDP, which was just 0.8 percent in the first quarter of the year, was initially reported to have risen to 1.2 percent by the second quarter.  Moreover, in mid-August, the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta had estimated third-quarter GDP growth at 3.6 percent, and boosted its forecast for residential investment growth from 0.4 to 2.4 percent.

Inflation is also stable, with the Consumer Price Index flat in July but rising by just 0.8 percent over the previous 12 months.  However, when subtracting out the more volatile indicators for food and energy, prices have risen by 2.2 percent over the previous year.  With an annual inflation target of 2.0 percent, should job growth reports remain positive in the coming months, then the Federal Reserve may hike interest rates before the end of 2016. Still, not all sectors of the economy are feeling the inflation pinch, with the Producer Price Index falling 0.4 percent in July and still down 0.2 percent for the previous 12 months, which is also why a rate hike is not a given.

For now, consumers remain cautious, with The Conference Board’s Consumer Confidence holding steady at just over 97 on a 100-point scale in July after rising in June.  This latest survey suggests that although the economy will continue expanding at a moderate pace, attitudes regarding the job market and personal incomes remain cautiously optimistic.

Builder confidence is also positive, rising by two points to 60 in August, in which anything over 50 is positive.  The index measuring current sales rose two points to 65, while the index for sales expectations over the next six months rose one point to 67.

In the commercial real estate sector, CoStar’s value-weighted U.S. Composite Index, which focuses on the sales prices of higher-quality assets, advanced by 3.3 percent during the second quarter of 2016, while the equal-weighted U.S. Composite Index, which includes more sales of smaller properties, rose 2.1 percent. While the office, industrial and retail indices all rose by 1.9 percent and the multi-family index increased by a close 1.8 percent, by far the most improved sector was hospitality, rising 4.5 percent to within one percent of its former peak.

Looking closer at housing, sales of new single-family homes rose for the fifth straight month in July to surpass 650,000 annual units, for a notable jump of over 31 percent from July 2015 and reaching the highest pace of new home sales since October 2007. In addition, at this sales rate, existing inventory would take just 4.3 months to sell, versus 5.2 months a year earlier, and falling to the lowest inventory level since June 2013. For all of 2016, the NAHB is forecasting single-family home starts to rise by about 10 percent, as those in the multi-family sector level off.  Nonetheless, future residential growth will continue to be hampered by shortages of labor and lots and higher regulatory costs.

In the existing home market, after four consecutive months of increases, July sales not only tumbled by 3.2 percent from June, but were also down 1.6 percent from the same month of 2015.  NAR is blaming this on a lack of affordably priced inventory, especially for starter condominium homes. As proof of this, the Wells Fargo Home Opportunity Index fell to 62.0 percent in the second quarter of 2016, the lowest rate since the third quarter of 2014. Over the last year, inventory levels have fallen by 5.8 percent and have declined year-over-year for the last fourteen months.  Consequently, with some buyers priced out of the market even at low interest rates, overall inventory levels would take 4.7 months to sell, up from 4.5 months in June.

Of course this demand for new supply is certainly good news for builders!  Although July housing starts were up 5.6 percent year-on-year, building permits inched up only 0.9 percent for the same time period. Yet given the challenges facing the industry including regulations, labor shortages and the difficulty finding affordably priced land, lack of available housing supply may be with us for some time.

Monday, August 15, 2016

Consumer confidence inches up to 90.4 in August

Confidence inched upward in early August due to more favorable prospects for the overall economy offsetting a small pullback in personal finances. Home buying has become particularly dependent on low interest rates, with net references to low interest rates spontaneously mentioned by 48%.


Builder confidence rises two points in August to 60

Builder confidence in the market for newly constructed single-family homesin August rose two points to 60 from a downwardly revised reading of 58 in July. The component gauging current sales conditions rose two points to 65, while the index charting sales expectations in the next six months increased one point to 67.


Retail sales flat in July but still up 2.3 percent year-on-year

Retail sales were unchanged in July, coming off a revised 0.8 percent increase in June. Retail sales in June were previously reported to have increased 0.6 percent. Sales rose 2.3 percent from a year ago.

Producer Price Index declined 0.4 percent in July and 0.2 percent for previous 12-month period

The Producer Price Index for final demand decreased 0.4 percent in July. On an unadjusted basis, the final demand index moved down 0.2 percent for the 12 months ended in July.

Thursday, August 11, 2016

Job openings edged up in June and layoffs dropped to lowest level in nearly two years

U.S. job openings increased in June and layoffs dropped to their lowest in nearly two years as labor market conditions tightened further.


Friday, August 5, 2016

Job growth surged to 255,000 in July vs. 188,000 expected

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 255,000 in July, and the unemployment rate was unchanged at 4.9 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Job gains occurred in professional and business services, health care, and financial activities. Employment in mining continued to trend down.


Thursday, August 4, 2016

Planned job layoffs rose 19 percent in July but still down 8.7 percent year-to-date

The pace of layoffs ticked up 19 percent in July, as employers announced plans to shed 45,346 workers from their payrolls.  To date, employers have announced 359,100 job cuts in 2016. That is down 8.7 percent from the 393,368 job cuts announced from January through July 2015.

Wednesday, August 3, 2016

Service sector index fell 1.0 percentage point in July but still well into positive growth territory

The NMI® registered 55.5 percent in July, 1 percentage point lower than the June reading of 56.5 percent.  Most comments reflect stability and continued growth for their respective companies.

Manufacturing sector index fell 0.6 percentage point in July but still indicates growth

The July PMI® registered 52.6 percent, a decrease of 0.6 percentage point from the June reading of 53.2 percent and posting growth in the manufacturing sector for the fifth consecutive month.

Personal income and consumer spending both rose in June

Personal income increased $29.3 billion (0.2 percent), disposable personal income (DPI) increased $24.6 billion (0.2 percent) and personal consumption expenditures (PCE) increased $53.0 billion (0.4 percent) in June.

Private sector jobs grew by 179,000 in July

Private sector employment increased by 179,000 jobs from June to July according to the ADP Employment Report.

Monday, August 1, 2016

Construction spending drops 0.6 percent in June, mostly due to non-residential projects

U.S. construction spending fell for a third straight month in June with spending on nonresidential construction dropping by the largest amount in six months.  Some analysts believe warmer-than-normal winter weather caused builders to move up the start of some projects, causing the second quarter to look weaker.